Brain Injury FAQs

These brain injury frequently asked questions provide quick answers including what a traumatic brain injury is, who is at risk, what the consequences are, how to prevent TBI, and what you can do if you or you loved one suffers from a traumatic brain injury.

How the Brain Functions

The brain controls our most important bodily functions — walking, talking, eating, breathing, etc. Learn about the different parts of the brain and how each part works to enable us to do the things that we need to do in our lives.

Long Term Care

Long term care for a person with severe brain injury can be tough and costly. But this lengthy process is required to help the patient recover from traumatic brain injury.

TBI Severity: Mild, Moderate or Severe?

Doctors and medical professionals measure consciousness and brain injury severity based on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). This scale assigns numbers to eye, verbal and motor responsiveness, then adds those numbers together for a total GCS number between 1 and 15.

Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

People who suffer from a severe injury will experience long term complex problems. Their ability to live independently will diminish while their personality and relationships can be affected. An uncertain and challenging future lies ahead for the survivors of a major brain injury.

Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussions

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is damage to the brain resulting from a physical blow to head either by hitting or being hit with an object. Brain injury can also occur without an actual blow if the brain is pushed strongly against the skull, as occurs with whiplash or Shaken Baby Syndrome.

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to brain damage that is caused by physical trauma. TBI can occur when there is a blow to the head or violent shaking (resulting in a closed brain injury) or when something penetrates the head and damages the brain tissue (causing an open head injury).