Brain Injuries: Treatment and Rehabilitation

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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to brain damage that is caused by physical trauma. TBI can occur when there is a blow to the head, violent shaking, or an object that penetrates the skull. A blow to the head or shaking may result in a closed head injury. In this case, the brain receives a direct impact injury (known as a coup) and may also shift and impact the skull in the direct opposite direction of the initial blow (countrecoup), creating a double injury. When something penetrates the head and damages the brain tissue, it is known as an open head injury.

A number of circumstances can cause brain injury, including car and motorcycle accidents, slips and falls, sports injuries, and assault. Brain injuries can also be acquired through air deprivation and medical conditions such as near-drowning, strokes, aneurysms and seizures. An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) occurs when there is an internal medical problem, as opposed to an external impact.

According to the Brain Injury Association of America, 1.4 million people sustain brain injuries every year in the United States. Of those, 50,000 die and another 80,000 are left permanently disabled. Currently, there are 5.3 million United States citizens that require dependent care and assistance due to a traumatic brain injury. The lifetime cost of care for a TBI victim can be well over a million dollars.

Brain Injury Institute offers a wide variety of information, news and resources related to traumatic brain injury. It also provides you with multiple learning tools to research and and to better understand this injury and the assistance that is available to you in dealing with a brain injury situation.

  • Brain InjuryHere are some of the most common questions about brain injury, including whether brain injuries are preventable, will the patient recover from a brain injury, will the patient be able to speak again, how much will it cost, and so on.
  • Brain Injury CausesA traumatic brain injury can occur as a result of numerous activities, accidents and risk factors. Here are some of the most common causes of brain injury.
  • Brain Injury SymptomsWhen it comes to head injuries, it’s best to play it safe. Symptoms of brain injury may occur immediately after the accidents, or several hours or days after. Look out for these common brain injury symptoms.
  • Brain Injury TreatmentsTraumatic brain injury is considered a medical emergency. It requires abrupt treatment and further monitoring as there are a lot of factors to watch out for depending on the severity of the head injury.
  • Brain Injury Types
  • Living with Brain InjuryA traumatic brain injury can be very devastating. It can greatly impact the victim physically, emotionally and financially. The burden is not only on the victim but also to the family.