When brain cells die and the brain becomes irreparably damaged, this results in a condition called cerebral hypoxia or hypoxic-anoxic injury. The situation can create permanent disabilities and cognitive problems. In addition, it can result to physical and psychological disorders.
The Glasgow Coma Scale is a neurological scale designed to assess the patient’s level of consciousness after brain injury. The scale evaluates the patient’s best eye response, best verbal response, and best motor response, and then assigns a score that ranges from 3 to 15.
Doctors and medical professionals measure consciousness and brain injury severity based on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). This scale assigns numbers to eye, verbal and motor responsiveness, then adds those numbers together for a total GCS number between 1 and 15.
People who suffer from a severe injury will experience long term complex problems. Their ability to live independently will diminish while their personality and relationships can be affected. An uncertain and challenging future lies ahead for the survivors of a major brain injury.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is damage to the brain resulting from a physical blow to head either by hitting or being hit with an object. Brain injury can also occur without an actual blow if the brain is pushed strongly against the skull, as occurs with whiplash or Shaken Baby Syndrome.
Repeated brain injuries have a cumulative effect resulting in more severe and more prolonged post-concussion symptoms. A very serious and dangerous condition or even death can occur if a second concussion is suffered while symptoms from a previous concussion still persist.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to brain damage that is caused by physical trauma. TBI can occur when there is a blow to the head or violent shaking (resulting in a closed brain injury) or when something penetrates the head and damages the brain tissue (causing an open head injury).