Accute Treatment

Treatment of brain injury has its stages. The first stage of course is the initial treatment, next is acute treatment, followed by sub-acute, chronic, and the last is the long-term care.

Initial treatment of brain injury has something to do with calming down the patient to stay away from life threatening conditions, acute brain injury treatment on the other hand is done to ensure life support and minimize the potential for further injury—physically, mentally, and emotionally.

Acute treatment execution differs from patient to patient depending on the level of the brain injury, how the trauma transpired, the different complications arise, and the severity of the complications. Other victims of brain injury need to be on life support systems, others do not. The length depends on the level of the injury again.

Brain Injury Treatment In A Trauma Center

The following are the acute treatment given to some brain injury victims:
  • Assisting breathing by clearing the lungs.
  • Restoring healthy circulation of oxygen to the blood.
  • Monitoring the heart rate.
  • Administering drugs where necessary.
  • Removing blood clots.

The following are some of the tools used in executing acute treatment.

  • Mechanical ventilation to support breathing and reduce pressure in the head.
  • A device that monitors and controls intracranial pressure inserted in the brain cavity through surgery. 
  • Medications for sedation or to create a drug-induced coma to keep agitation and further injury to a minimum. 
  • Additional medications to prevent seizures at the beginning of treatment and later if the patient exhibits seizures. 
  • Other pharmaceuticals to control spasticity, behavioral problems, or cognitive functions.

Other doctors choose the following stated below in giving the acute treatment to the brain injury victims.

  • Positioning: elevation of the patient’s head to keep the neck straight and decrease intracranial pressure.
  • Fluid restriction: limiting fluid intake to keep the brain from swelling.
  • Medications: diuretics to reduce water the patient retains and thus reduce the water available to the brain for swelling; anticonvulsants to prevent seizures; other medications to remove blood clots, end bleeding, preserve blood flow to the brain, control skull pressure, and minimize behavioral problems such as depression, loss of attention and concentration, and aggression.

Brain Injury Treatment After Stabilization

When the patient becomes stable, acute treatment is managed in a specialized trauma care unit. The patient’s vital signs and body functions, are being monitored, assessed and interpret by the critical nurses, observe any signs of pain or infection, responsible doctor, continue regular assessments, and communicate with the patient’s family. After sometime, At some point, the team of professionals and the family will need to decide on what post-acute treatment needs to be done.